Molecular database

 


Morphological description has been considerably upgraded by the advent of molecular techniques, nowadays widely used for precise genetic characterization, ascertaining origin and elucidating the dispersal route. DNA-based markers are particularly useful for the correct identification of varieties, due to their independence of environmental conditions, and several of them have been successfully applied for olive: RAPDs, AFLPs, SCARs, ISSRs, SNPs, SSRs, etc.
Microsatellite markers or simple-sequence repeats (SSRs) have proved to be suitable tools for variety characterization and a number of loci have already been developed for olive.
Microsatellites are ideal markers for studies of genetic characterization and relationships among individuals because of their co-dominant inheritance, hypervariability, high information content and reproducibility of genotyping results among laboratories.
 

Variety list:

Belica

Bjankera

Buža

Buža puntoža

Crna / Buga

Crnica (CRO) / Crnica (SLO)

Istarska bjelica / Istrska belica

Karbonaca

Moražola

Rosinjola

Rošola

Samo

Štorta